This First Steps serves as a starting point to begin your thinking about the use of media for the purpose of enhancing student learning for all learners. This page contains three sections of content that is designed to take no more than 60 minutes to complete:
- a template document for you to set a personal goal, capture notes of ideas generated, and reflect on your learning. Goal setting, taking notes, and reflection are important parts of the design for this course. We hope you will use it as you go through these materials and activities. (Part 1: 10-15 minutes)
- an introduction to what an animation is (Part 2: 5-10 minutes)
- advantages and disadvantages of different media types, and a list of educational articles and research (Part 3: 20 minutes)
Part 1: PLGRD
(approximately 15 min)
Step 1. Please download or copy and use the PLGRD document provided below to create your Personal Learning Goals and Reflection Document for this learning unit. It includes three areas:
Goals: Begin by setting one or two goals (why did you select this unit? what do you hope to learn?)
Audience: Identify your target audience you plan to use multimedia with (self, grade level, content area, to train others...)
Notes: As you go through the different activities in this learning unit, we will suggest you keep track of your ideas and additional resources in the notes sections.
Reflections: Reflecting on your learning process and progress is an integral part of a successful learning experience.
Part 2: What is an Animation?
Animation definition: "Animation is the capturing of sequential, static images—drawings or photos of inanimate objects—and playing them in rapid succession to mimic real world motion. If you’ve ever seen a flip book, you know how it works." (https://99designs.ca/blog/video-animation/what-is-animation/)
Multimedia definition: "a term used to represent combination of visual and audio materials gathered from various resources and then added into one single combination. A multimedia product can be sets of texts, graphic arts, sounds, animations and videos. Precisely, term multimedia is used to refer visual and audio materials into a single common presentation which can be played in a computer including CD ROM or digital video, internet or web technology, streaming audio or video and data projection system etc." (source: http://www.indiaeducation.net/animation/what-is-animation.html)
Some Types of animation:
- 2-D Traditional - draw a series (one or more) images that can be sequenced (by flipping through the pad of paper manually) or created digitally and animated through the use of a computer application.
- Stop-motion animation - where you take a series of photos (or drawn) of an object as it changes, frame-by-frame, such as capturing the growth of a bean, or moving an object such as a claymation where a clay figure is moved into different positions, and the changes are captured and then used for an animation.
- 3-D animation is where computers generate the imagery and animators input the movement and angles. CGI or computer generated imagery.
Definition of an Animated GIF:
"An animated GIF is an image encoded in graphics interchange format (GIF), that contains a number of images or frames in a single file and is described by its own graphic control extension. The frames are presented in a specific order to convey animation. An animated GIF can loop endlessly or stop after a few sequences." (source: https://www.techopedia.com/definition/1948/animated-gif)
The benefits of an animated GIF:
- quick and easy to create
- are a small file size
- can be used in a wide variety of educational media such as web pages, and presentations
- can be shared through social media.
- can be created using drawings, digital images, graphics, movie clips, and infographics
- can include or not include sound
- can be created using apps on a mobile device or using a web browser application
- there are several free applications and apps to create them available
Part 3 Articles and Research
The purpose of this section is for you to improve your practice by learning from articles and/or research by other professionals.
1. Refer to this table of Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Media from the 21things4students site to think about the features and use of different types of media and your own educational goals.
2. Provided below is a list of articles about how the use of media benefits and engages all learners.
- In the interest of time, look at the entire list and then select one or two articles of interest to see what some of the education experts have to say about the use and value of media.
Note: It will be helpful if you add some notes and reflections in your personal learning document either during or after you read it.
Articles or web resources:
- Using Multimedia as an Education Tool (researchgate.net publication)
- Why you should use multimedia in the classroom
- Teaching with Multimedia
- What is successful technology integration?
- Technology Integration Research Review
- Using Video Content to Amplify Learning
- Digital Spaces: 12 best practices for multimedia learning
- The effect of multimedia use on the teaching and learning of Social Sciences at tertiary level: a case study
- 5 benefits of multimedia learning
- Research Review: Multimodal learning through media
- Powerful learning: Studies show deep understanding derives from collaborative methods
- Why Do We Need Technology Integration?
- Will Virtual Reality Drive Deeper Learning?
3. PLGRD: Add the URL of the article selected, and some notes and reflections about your thoughts, ideas, and learning from the content provided on this page, to your personal learning document.
Move on to Creating Your Animation
Addressing the ISTE Standards For Educators
1a. Set professional learning goals to explore and apply pedagogical approaches made possible by technology and reflect on their effectiveness.
1c. Stay current with research that supports improved student learning outcomes, including findings from the learning sciences.
2b. Advocate for equitable access to educational technology, digital content and learning opportunities to meet the diverse needs of all students.
2c. Model for colleagues the identification, exploration,
evaluation, curation and adoption of
new digital resources and tools for learning.
3a. Create experiences for learners to make positive, socially responsible contributions and exhibit empathetic behavior online that build relationships and community.
3c. Mentor students in safe, legal and ethical practices with digital tools and the protection of intellectual rights and property.
5a. Use technology to create, adapt and personalize learning experiences that foster independent learning and accommodate learner differences and needs.
6a. Foster a culture where students take ownership of their learning goals and outcomes in both independent and group settings.
6b. Manage the use of technology and student learning strategies in digital platforms, virtual environments, hands-on maker spaces or in the field.
6c. Create learning opportunities that challenge students to use a design process and computational thinking to innovate and solve problems.
6d. Model and nurture creativity and creative expression to communicate ideas, knowledge or connections.
7a. Provide alternative ways for students to demonstrate competency and reflect on their learning using technology.