Grade 3

The Three Branches of Government

Knowledge Constructor and Empowered Learner


The United States Government is divided into three parts, or branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Each branch has a different duty, but all three branches must work together. Students learn about the Three Branches of Government and the jobs that they have. They read, play games, and take an interactive quiz.

Students will:

  • Understand the three Branches of Government.

Vocabulary Words:

  • Government: The government is the system by which a nation, state, or community is governed.
  • Executive Branch: The Executive Branch sees that laws are carried out.
  • Judicial Branch: The Judicial Branch makes sure that the laws and actions of the other branches agree with the United States Constitution.
  • Legislative Branch: The Legislative Branch makes the laws.
  • Senate: The Senate is the smaller upper assembly in the US Congress, 100 senators.
  • House of Representatives: The House of Representatives is the larger portion of the Legislative branch, 435 Representatives.
  • Bill: A bill is a draft of a proposed law
  • Law: A law is a rule of a particular country.

To prepare for this lesson:

See Accommodations Page and Charts on the site in the Teacher Resources. 

Directions for this activity:

  1. Log onto The Three Branches of Government.
  2. Follow each link as you work through the Three Branches of Government: The Executive, The Legislative, The Judicial, Checks and Balances, and The Three Branches of Government.
  3. Play the games.
  4. Take the interactive quiz.

Different options for assessing the students:

  • Observations
  • Check for understanding
  • Create a printed assessment
  • Discussion
  • Create or locate a Kahoot on The Three Branches of Government
  • Create exit Tickets

MITECS: Michigan adopted the "ISTE Standards for Students" called MITECS (Michigan Integrated Technology Competencies for Students) in 2018.

Empowered Learner 
1a. Students articulate and set personal learning goals, develop strategies leveraging technology to achieve them and reflect on the learning process itself to improve learning outcomes.
1b. Students build networks and customize their learning environments in ways that support the learning process.
1c. Students use technology to seek feedback that informs and improves their practice and to demonstrate their learning in a variety of ways.
1d. Students understand the fundamental concepts of technology operations, demonstrate the ability to choose, use and troubleshoot current technologies and are able to transfer their knowledge to explore emerging technologies.

Knowledge Constructor
3a. Students plan and employ effective research strategies to locate information and other resources for their intellectual or creative pursuits.
3b. Students evaluate the accuracy, perspective, credibility and relevance of information, media, data or other resources.
3c. Students curate information from digital resources using a variety of tools and methods to create collections of artifacts that demonstrate meaningful connections or conclusions.
3d. Students build knowledge by actively exploring real-world issues and problems, developing ideas and theories and pursuing answers and solutions.

Device: PC, Chromebook, Mac, iPad

Browser: Chrome, Safari, Firefox, Edge, ALL

Apps. Extensions, Add-ons

3 Branches of Government

3 Branches of Government Video

How is Power Divided up in the U.S. Government

Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances


Write a research report on The Three Branches of Government.

  • Create a presentation on the Three Branches of Government.
  • Have students make bottle characters of the Framers of the Constitution.

  • Create a class constitution.
  • Have a mock trial.

This task card was created by Julie Hoehing, Lake Shore Public Schools, February 2020.